Executed Minors

Delara Darabi

Delara Darabi (f)

Delara Darabi was executed early morning May 1st 2009, in the prison yard of the northern city of Rasht, Iran. She was convicted for a murder that happened during a break-in when she was 17 years old.

According to Delara the murder of her father's female cousin was committed by her 19 year old boyfriend, Amir Hossein Sotoudeh. Delara Darabi initially confessed to the murder, but soon retracted her confession. She claimed that Amir Hossein asked her to admit responsibility for the murder to protect him from execution, believing that as she was under 18 years old, she could not be sentenced to death. Amir Hossein received a prison sentence of 10 years for his involvement in the crime.

In violation of Iranian law, Delara's attorney was not informed of the execution in advance. This was probably done to avoid domestic and international protests.

More information:
Stop Child Executions
Stop Child Executions news blog
Amnesty International

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Mola Gol Hassan (m)

According to "Iran Newspaper", Mola Gol Hassan was executed in Evin prison with 9 adults on Wednesday January 21st 2009.

On November 14th 2004, 17 year-old Mola was trying to steel money from his fellow Afghan countryman Fakhr al'din where he ended up killing him. He was tried in a criminal court and was convicted of murder and sentenced to death.
Iran Newspaper had reported that it had been 4 years since the incident, making Mola now 21 years old. If this news is correct, it would suggest that Mola was a minor at the time of the offence.

Mola Gol Hassan's execution is the first child execution in Iran in 2009.

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/4507024/

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Gholamreza H. (m)

On Friday October 31st 2008, SCE reported the execution of Hossein Zabhi in Iran. Stop Child Executions Organization, Government officals, and Human Rights organizations worldwide including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International condemn Iran for the 7th execution of a child offender this year.

As reported by AI: "Gholamreza H., an Afghan national, was aged 19 at the time of his execution but he was only 17 years of age, and so a juvenile, at the time of the crime of which he was convicted. This was the stabbing to death of another Afghan boy, Shir-Agha Hoseini, on 29 November 2006. Gholamreza H. was tried before Branch 17 of Esfahan’s Penal Court and sentenced to death. He is reported to have confessed to the killing, stating that the victim had been harassing his sister and insulting his honour, and that he had bought a knife, arranged to meet the boy and stabbed him. His sentence was upheld by Branch 33 of the Supreme Court and confirmed by Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, the Head of the Judiciary. In a news release posted on its website, Esfahan’s Judiciary announced that Gholamreza H.’s execution was carried out on the morning of 29 October 2008. "

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/4097525/

Behnam Zare

Behnan Zare (m)

Behnam Zare was executed on 26. August 2008, without any prior notification of his parents or lawyer, in the prison yard of the Shiraz prison in Iran.

Behnam Zare was convicted of a murder which reportedly took place on 21 April 2005, when he was 15 years old. He was found to have swung a knife during an argument with a man named Mehrdad, wounding him in the neck. Mehrdad later died in hospital. Behnam Zare`was detained on 13 November 2005, and he was sentenced to death for premeditated murder. Under Article 206 (b) of Iran’s Criminal Code, murder is classified as premeditated “in cases where the murderer intentionally makes an action which is inherently lethal, even if [the murderer] does not intend to kill the person.” The case went to appeal before Branch 33 of the Supreme Court where the sentence was upheld, and it was then passed to the Office for Implementation of Sentences after approval by Iran's head of Judiciary, Ayatollah Shahrudi.

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/Behnam%20Zare/

Seyed Reza Heyazi

Reza Hejazi (m)

Reza Hejazi - then aged 15 - was among a small group of people involved in a dispute with a man on 18 September 2004, which resulted in the man being fatally stabbed. Reza Hejazi was arrested and tried for murder, and on 14 November 2005 he was sentenced to qesas (retribution) by Branch 106 of the Esfahan General Court. The sentence was approved by Branch 28 of the Supreme Court in Mashhad on 6 June 2006, although under Iranian law he should have been tried in a juvenile court.

Reza Hejazi was hanged in the Esfahan central prison on 19 August 2008. His lawyer was not informed that his execution was to be carried out, though under Iranian law a 48 hour notification period is required.

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/Reza%20Hejazi

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Rahman Shahidi (m), Hasan Mozafari (m) and Mohammed Pezhman (m)

These three juvenile offenders were convicted and sentenced to death for rape in the southern city of Bushehr.

Iranian authorities executed Mozafari and Shahidi along with an adult offender, Hussein Rahnama, on July 22 2008. Mohammed Pezhman were executed on 29 May 2007, while two other adults convicted in this case, Behrouz Zangeneh and Ali Khorramnejad, were executed in October 2007.

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Mohammad Hassanzadeh (m)

Mohammad Hassan-zadeh, was executed June 10, 2008 in the western city of Sanandaj. Mohammad was convicted of murder at the age of 15 and was 17 years old when he was executed.

More information:
Human Rights Activists, Iran

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Javad Shojaei (m)

Javad Shojaei was executed in a prison yard in the central city of Isfahan, Iran. He was sentenced to death by hanging for an alleged murder committed in the year 2000 when he was 16 years old. The execution was approved by the Iranian Supreme Court.

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/2785080/

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Amir Hoashang Fazlollahzadeh (m)

Amir Hoashang Fazlollahzadeh was executed on December 7, 2007

Makwan Moloudzadeh

Makwan Moloudzadeh (m)

Iranian Kurd Makwan Moloudzadeh was sentenced to death for raping three teenage boys when he was 13 years old. He was hanged at December 5, 2007 in the morning at a prison in Kermanshah province in western Iran. Makwan was executed despite his alleged rape victims withdrawing their accusations and a judicial review and stay of execution being ordered into the sentence.

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/2228282/
http://scenews.blog.com/2307860/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7130380.stm
http://scenews.blog.com/2380450/

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Mohammadreza Tork (m)

Mohammadreza Tork (18) was hanged November 15, 2007 in a prison in the city of Hamedan. He was together with two other men convicted of a murder in a village near Malayer November 2005. At that time Mohammadreza was 16 years and 4 months old (born in June 1989), and he was 18 years and 4 months when he was executed. The two others, who are believed to be in Mohammadreza’s family, were hanged right after. They are identified as Manuchehr Tork (30) and Safarali Waramzyaar (31).

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Two Afghani boys (m)

These two unnamed boys were part of a larger group of Afghani minors on execution row. According to an independent human rights commission of Afghanistan these children were smuggled to Iran with fake passports and were accused of drug trafficking.

More information:
http://scenews.blog.com/2162887
BBC Persian

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Babak Rahimi (m)

Babak Rahimi was executed at the Evin prison in Tehran October 17, 2007. He was convicted of a murder in January 2002, when he was 17 years old.

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Hossein Gharabaghloo (m)

Hossein Gharabaghloo was 16 when he reportedly stabbed his friend Mahmoud to death during a fight on 1 December 2004 in Robat-e Karim, near Tehran. He was arrested and taken to the Tehran Centre of Correction and Rehabilitation. He escaped before his trial, which was due to begin on 19 April 2005. He was then recaptured, and on 1 November 2006 he was tried by Branch 71 of Tehran General Court, which sentenced him to death.
The death sentence was confirmed by Branch 31 of the Supreme Court on 13 December 2006.

Hossein was executed at the Evin prison in Tehran October 17, 2007.

More information:
Iran Human Rights

Saaed Kamberzai

Saeed Kamberzai (m)

Saeed Kamberzai was executed on May 28, 2007, and was 17 years old at the time of the execution. Saeed, together with six other men, confessed on Iranian television of being involved in a number of crimes which allegedly took place in the Sistan-Baluchistan province, including attacks and carjackings. According to Amnesty International, there are uncomfirmed reports that these men were tortured into giving these confessions.

Information provided to Amnesty International suggested that Saeed and the other men could have been arrested because of family ties with those suspected of having been involved in blowing up a bus carrying security officials from the Revolutionary Guard on 14 February 2007, in which at least 14 people were killed.

More information:
http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE130342007
http://scenews.blog.com/Saeed+Kamberzai/

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Mohammad Mousavi (m)

Mohammad Mousavi was executed on April 22, 2007 in the city of Shiraz. Mohammad was 19 years old and was sentenced to death for a murder allegedly committed when he was 16.

Mohammad was initially assigned a court appointed attorney but after saving some money, his mother contacted Nasrin Sotoudeh who is an Iranian attorney specialized in juvenile cases. Mrs. Sotoudeh represents other minors facing execution in Iran.

Soon after Mohammad Mousavi's mother hired her own attorney, she was contacted by Mr. Marvi, an official of Iran's judiciary in the central city of Shiraz where they reside. Mr. Marvi told Ms. Mousavi not to publicize her son's execution verdict and to fire her new attorney and in return he promised that Mohammad would not be executed because he was only 16 at the time of the alleged crime. Relying on the Iranian official's promise, the desperate mother told the new attorney not to proceed with defending her son. She also avoided talking to media or human right advocates about her son's situation.

On April 22, 2007 she was contacted by the Iranian authorities, But what she heard was not the promised news of commuting of her son's death penalty. Instead she was told:
"Your son was executed this morning, please make necessary arrangements to collect his body".


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Majid Segound (m)

Majid Segound was executed on 13 May 2006, along with Masoud Naghi Biranvand in Khorramabad, the capital of Lorestan province. Majid Segound was 17 years old at the time of his execution. Amnesty International reports the age of the second boy, Masoud at 20, however Human Rights Watch and the US State Department report him as 17 years old. According to reports, they were sentenced to death for the rape and murder of a 12-year-old boy, and were tried in an extraordinary session.

More information:
Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch

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Rostam Tajik (m)

On December 10, 2005, Rostam Tajik was publicly executed in a park in the city of Esfahan, central Iran. He had reportedly been sentenced to qisas (retribution specified by the victim's family) by the General Court of Esfahan for a murder committed in May 2001 when he was 16 years old.

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Unnamed (m)

A 17 year old man among four men executed on August 23, 2005 in Bandar Abbas. They were convicted of kidnapping, rape, and theft.

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Unnamed (m)

Convicted of rape and publicly hanged on September 12, 2005 in the southern province of Fars at the age of 22. He had reportedly been sentenced to death in 2000, suggesting that he was under the age of 18 when the crime was committed.

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Farshid Faighi (m)

Farshid was hanged in prison in the city of Bandar Abbas in 2005 at the age of 21. He was convicted of five murders, reportedly carried out between the ages of 14 and 16.


Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhone

Mahmoud Asgari (m) and Ayaz Marhoni (m)

Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni were Iranian teenagers from the province of Khuzestan who were hanged in Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashad northeast Iran, on July 19, 2005.

Prior to their execution, the two were also given 228 lashes each for drinking, disturbing the peace and theft.

The case attracted the attention of the international media on two grounds: firstly, due to the belief that the boys had been executed for engaging in consensual homosexual sex, while the Iranian judiciary assert it was for the rape of a 13-year old boy and secondly, due to the belief that they were below 18 years old at the time of the offence, and one of them is believed to have been a minor when he was executed.

Journalist Afdhere Jama interviewed numerous sources from Mashhad who maintain that Mahmoud Asgari, Ayaz Marhoni, and five other friends were originally accused of committing consensual homosexual acts on each other (Lavaat). One of the accusers is believed to be an older half-brother of Ayaz Marhoni.

The seven boys were taken into police custody, and then examined by a doctor for signs of rectal scarring. Asgari, Marhoni, and a 13-year-old friend tested positive, while the other boys did not. As punishment, Asgari, Marhoni, and the 13-year-old received lashes administered by law enforcement officers.

The father of the 13-year-old boy is said to be a senior Revolutionary Guards officer. Mashhad sources interviewed by Jama insist that the father’s position, one which deals largely with suppressing internal dissent, and defending the regime, grants him a very high social and political status. Sources believe this is why the typically unyielding Iranian government had so freely changed the 13-year-old’s account from consensual homosexual sex to rape. It also explains why Marhoni and Asgari, both minors, had received such harsh punishments

More information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Asgari_and_Ayaz_Marhon
http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE130382005

http://pglo.net/english/MASHHAD%20PLACE_OF_MARTYRDOM.pdf

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Ali Sarafpour Rajabi (m)

On 13 July 2005, Ali Safarpour Rajabi, aged 20, was hanged for killing Hamid Enshadi, a police officer in Poldokhtar. Amnesty International recorded his death sentence as having been passed in February 2002, when he was 17 years old, and believes his crime may have been committed when he was only 16 years old.

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Iman Faroki (m)

Executed on January 19, 2005 for a crime he allegedly committed when he was 17 years old

Atefeh Rajabi

Atefeh Rajabi Salaaleh (f)

Atefeh Rajabi Salaaleh was a sixteen year-old Iranian girl who was executed in Iran after being sentenced to death by an Iranian judge, Haji Rezaii, for allegedly having committed "acts incompatible with chastity" (having sexual intercourse with an older man), and for removing her hijab while arguing with her judge in court.
Atefeh reportedly had no access to legal counsel during the trial and was allegedly not believed to be mentally competent. Her death sentence was upheld by a Supreme Court of conservative mullahs.

Haji Rezaii, the religious judge, was reportedly so incensed with Atefeh’s "sharp tongue" during the trial that he traveled to Tehran to convince the mullahs of the Supreme Court to uphold the death sentence. She was publicly hanged in Neka, Iran, in August 2004, by the judge himself. Her body was left hanging for some time so people could see what happened to teenagers who committed acts incompatible with chastity. Amnesty International, as well as human rights organizations from the international community at large, declared the execution to be a crime against humanity and against children of the world.

Atefeh's body was allegedly removed from the grave soon after the burial by unknown perpetrators.

BBC2 showed a documentary about the execution of Atefeh, called "Execution of a teenage girl." The Guardian has published an article about the making of the documentary, written by the director.

More information:
http://www.iranfocus.com/modules/news/article.php?storyid=174
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ateqeh_Rajabi
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/5217424.stm


Mona Mahmudnizhad

Mona Mahmudnizhad (f)

16 year old Mona were together with 9 other Bahai women executed in June 1983. The primary charge against her was teaching Bahá’í children’s classes. Because her youth and conspicuous innocence became a symbol of the group in prison, she was lashed on the soles of her feet with a cable and forced to walk on bleeding feet. On the day of the execution she asked to be the last in line to be executed so she could pray for the others. All she had to do to avoid execution was to denounce her faith but she refused, and instead when it was her turn, she kissed the rope and put it around her own neck.

This music video
was made for her by the Canadian musician Doug Cameron.

Website dedicated to Mona:
http://www.monasdream.com

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Dina Parnabi (f)

Dina Parnabi was an Iranian high school student, accused of smuggling forbidden literature and criticising the regime in her talks with her classmates. She was hanged on the 10th of July 1984 in a Teheran prison. The hanging was done in private and after the execution was over, her body was stripped, washed and delivered for dissection at medical school. In Iran, female bodies delivered for medical studies often show the rope or cable burns around their necks, indicating that they were all executed by hanging.



Recorded executions of child offenders in Iran since 1990: case details
Source: Amnesty International:

Name Age Date of Execution
Kazem Shirafkan
Three young males

Ebrahim Qorbanzadeh
Jasem Abrahimi
Mehrdad Yousefi
Mohammad Zadeh
Salman
Atefeh Rajabi
Iman Farokhi
Ali Safarpour Rajabi
Mahmoud Asghari
Ayaz Marhoni
Farshid Farighi
Name unknown
Name unknown
Rostam Tajik
Majid Segound
Sattar
Morteza M
Naser Batmani
Mohammad Mousavi
Saeed Kamberzai
Mohammad Pezhman
Hossein Gharabaghloo
Babak Rahimi
Two Afghani boys
Mohammadreza Tork
Makwan Moloudzadeh
Amir Hoshang Fazlollahzadeh
Javad Shojaei
Mohammad Hassanzadeh
Hasan Mozafari
Rahman Shahidi
Reza Hejazi
Behnam Zare
Gholamreza H
Mola Gol Hassan
Delara Darabi
17 at time of execution
One aged 16, two aged
17 at time of execution
17 at time of execution
17 at time of execution
16 at time of offence
17 at time of offence
17 at time of offence
16 at time of execution
17 at time of execution
16 or 17 at time of offence
15 or 16 at time of offence
16 or 17 at time of offence
14 to 16 at time of offences
17 at time of execution
17 at time of offence
16 at time of offence
17 at time of execution
17 at time of offence
16 at time of offence
under 18 at time of offence
16 at time of offence
17 at time of execution
Under 18 at time of offence
16 at time of offence
17 at time of offence
Under 18 at time of offence
16 at time of offence
13 at time of offence
Under 18 at time of offence
16 at time of offence
16 or 17 at time of execution
Under 18 at time of offence
Under 18 at time of offence
15 at time of offence
15 at time of offence
17 at the time of offence
Under 18 at time of offence
17 at time of offence
1990
29 September 1992

24 October 1999
14 January 2000
29 May 2001
25 January 2004
12 May 2004
15 August 2004
19 January 2005
13 July 2005
19 July 2005
19 July 2005
1 August 2005
23 August 2005
12 September 2005
10 December 2005
13 May 2006
September 2006
7 November 2006
December 2006
22 April 2007
28 May 2007
29 May 2007
17 October 2007
17 October 2007
2007
15 November 2007
4 December 2007
31 December 2007
26 February 2008
10 June 2008
22 July 2008
22 July 2008
19 August 2008
26 August 2008
29 October 2008
21 January 2009
1 May 2009
     

 

 

 

 

 

 

Newsflash

"The overwhelming international consensus that the death penalty should not apply to juvenile offenders stems from the recognition that young persons, because of their immaturity, may not fully comprehend the consequences of their actions and should therefore benefit from less severe sanctions than adults. More importantly, it reflects the firm belief that young persons are more susceptible to change, and thus have a greater potential for rehabilitation than adults."

Mary Robinson, former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
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